Rundale Palace is a baroque palace complex in Latvia. Located 12 km northwest of the town of Bauska in Bauska. Rundāle Palace was built by architect Rastrelli as a summer residence of the Duke of Courland Biron.
The first stone was laid on May 24, 1736. In 1740, Biron was arrested and exiled in Courland he returned only in the year 1763. At the same time to 1768, Rastrelli completed the Interior finish of buildings.
The ensemble of the Palace consists of the buildings of the Palace with the stables and other outbuildings, which is adjacent to the South French garden of 10 hectares, enclosed on all sides of the channel, it goes hunting Park (34 acres). On two floors of the Palace Suite 138 facilities are located. The South side of the main building are the State apartments of the Duke, on the north side are his personal living rooms. In the East the staterooms are located — the Golden, the former Throne Hall and White Hall, the Dance, the United Great Gallery. It is noteworthy that in the Rastrelli Palace used masonry brick unusually large size, which was produced at a nearby factory. A number of the bricks was transferred to Petersburg and used in the construction of the Strelninsky Palace.
Rundale Palace after Biron:
After the accession of Courland to the Russian Empire in 1795, the Palace was given favorite of Empress Zubovas. After the death of the last of his young widow Fyokla Valentinovna married count Andrei Shuvalov. The castle was the property of the Princes of the Shuvalov family until 1920, when as a result of the agrarian reform in the Republic of Latvia counts Shuvalov lost their right to Rundal′skoe Manor.
Rundāle Palace was damaged during the war of Russia against Napoleon in 1812, but is in a particularly distressing condition it was in 1919, when it defeated the soldiers adventurer Bermont-Avalova. In 1933, the Palace passed to the State Historical Museum, who began the restoration of the palace complex. After the second world war in the halls was a warehouse of grain, and the building itself, zaselënnoe residents, was in poor condition. In 1972, began restoration work, continuing to the present day.
The Rundale Palace is one of the most famous sights of Latvia. Rundāle Palace and adjoining garden is a museum. The Palace is also used for the reception of high-ranking foreign guests of the President of Latvia.