Sights of Vidzeme. Birini

Sights of Vidzeme. Vidzeme you will remember its small towns, romantic parks, relief landscapes, Sandy cliffs and beautiful rivers. The most beautiful types of Vidzeme in the Gauja National Park, especially near Ligatne. Līgatne nature trail passes through an open-air Zoo. An unusual impression and a secret bunker, which was built in Soviet times in the event of a nuclear war in the cellars of Ligatne rehabilitation center. The main attractions of Vidzeme is the powerful medieval castles. The legacy of 19 century-particularly the numerous estates plans barons.

Vidzeme History

Vidzeme is the southern half of Livonia, and its Centre has always been the Riga. The 13 century, Vidzeme was part of Livonia, in the middle of 16 century became a Duchy belonging According to the great Lithuanian Principality, and later the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1629, became part of Swedish Livonia.

As a part of Russia from all regions of Latvia it okazals′ 1st-following the great northern war, and in fact from 1710 onwards, going into the end of the 18 century in Liflândskuû province, which included the southern Estonia. North Vidzeme very strong war brought destruction, in 1710-1711, the plague broke out, after which survived only half the population. To gain support of Peter 1 restored all previous privileges in Vidzeme German landlords, resulting in a reduction of the estates were being returned to their former owners. The same size limits were abolished serfdom and taxes that has vidzemskih villagers in the worst position much more than serfs in Russia.

Vidzeme is the only province whose Latvian name has no analogues in the Russian and German: it is considered the cradle of the Latvian nation. In 1683, the pastor of Each (Alūksne) Ernst Gluck has translated the Bible into the Latvian and the Lutheran World this meant that from now on, the Latvians could serve in their native language. By the way, a pupil of Gluck’s March Skavronskaia glânulas′ Peter, and after his death became Russian Empress Catherine I, in the 19 century, Vidzeme was associated with a significant part of the Awakening movement-“wake up”. In General, in independent Latvia that has become the main historical Vidzeme region.