Riga, capital of Latvia , is situated on the banks of the Daugava River , was founded in 1201 by the Knights of the Livonian Order. Riga - the largest industrial and cultural center of the country with a rich history and culture , this architectural monument under the open sky , the center of folk music and the venue for the hundreds of fairs and festivals.Read more ... →
Jurmala - the resort with almost 150 years of history , known for its salubrious climate (sea , pine forest and fresh air ) , with its mineral waters and curative mud - that is Jurmala . And yet it is a long walk on the beach , swimming in the warm sea water, meditation and almost complete absence of the hustle and bustle of everyday life.Read more ... →
Cultural-historical division Latvia: 4 edge - Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale.
Sights of Vidzeme
Vidzeme you will remember its small towns, romantic parks, relief landscapes, Sandy cliffs and beautiful rivers. The most beautiful types of Vidzeme in the Gauja National Park, especially near Ligatne. Līgatne nature trail passes through an open-air Zoo. An unusual impression and a secret bunker, which was built in Soviet times in the event of a nuclear war in the cellars of Ligatne rehabilitation center.Read more ... →
Sights of Zemgale
Zemgale is the region in the southern part of Latvia, which stretches South from Riga and along the left bank of the Daugava River, up to the border of Lithuania. The name of the region originates from the ancient tribes who inhabited the Semigallians this territory before the arrival of the German invaders in the 13th century. Arriving in Zemgale, you get the opportunity to walk on the road of history, starting from the 9th century through the middle ages to the triumph of the Baroque.Read more ... →
Sights of Kurzeme
Kurzeme region is one of the four historical regions, located in the western part of Latvia, from history known as the Courland, ancient Course is the land of ancient Livs and Curonians. In the 13 century, this region was conquered by the German knights and was part of Livonia. The Duchy of Courland, 1561 and Piltenskaâ area in 1795-1917, Courland governorate of the Russian Empire. Kurzeme region in Latvia, is located where two major port of Ventspils and Liepaja. Sabile is the most northern European grapes. Kuldiga town with its unique tile roofs and many other beautiful places, here is one of the largest waterfalls in Europe-ventas Rumba, a beautiful river Venta. City on the nine hills of Talsi and Combining the historical castle in the vicinity of Tukums.Read more ... →
Sights of Latgale
Latgale (Latgale) got its name from the 1880s-Baltic tribe, based in this historic area in the 2nd-3rd centuries. Latgale is a land of unique nature, confusing story and mixed population: Russians, Poles, Ukrainians. Latgale is a land of blue lakes, a haven for anglers! Here, between the 2nd and Èzerniekami, Aglona is several hundreds of large and small lakes. At 25 km from Rēzekne surrounded by hills is the second largest lake in Latvia Razna, in 45 km from Rēzekne-beautiful Lake Ežezers known plenty of coves and islets. Very picturesque valley of the river Daugava, Daugavpils and Krāslava located between, with its steep banks (up to 40 m in height) and nature park Daugavas loki, where you will find an abundance of rare species of plants. Latgale is a Latvian Catholic spiritual Center. Lots of crucifixions, standing along the road, show deep devotion to the faith of the inhabitants of those places.Read more ... →
Sights of Latvia
Sights of Latvia are a find for a tourist. Latvia is considered the most beautiful corner of Europe, where terms for excellent rest were created by nature. Here combine picturesque landscapes and cleanest beaches, excellent microclimate, and travellers will appreciate at its the true value sight of Latvia, hospitality and affability of locals. Setting forth for a trip from the capital of Latvia of Riga in any direction, you will see all new and new parties of life of country.
History Of Latvia
Ancestors of Latvians were Fino-Ugric peoples and the Balts, who lived on the present territory of Latvia before the common era. In 1198, these lands became the object of a crusade declared by the Pope. After several battles Latvia along with Estonia became part of the Roman Empire under the name of Livonia and took the baptism. In 1282, Riga and later Cēsis, Limbaži, Koknes and Valmiera in the Union of North German trading cities (“Hanseatic League”), which contributed to the rapid development of the region. After the defeat of the Teutonic Knights in 1410 at Grunwald, Latvia was transferred to Poland.
In the second half of the 16th century the territory of Latvia claimed four States: Russia, Sweden, Denmark and Lithuania. The greatest success in diplomacy has reached Sweden and, at the beginning of the 17 century, she conquered the country. Latvia became one of the most developed parts of Sweden, and its main city of Riga. At this time there was gradually consolidating individual peoples (latgallians, selonians, Semigallians and Curonians, Livonians) into a single, speaking the same language, the Latvian people. After the defeat of Sweden in the Great Northern War Latvia became owned by the Russian Empire. In 1817-1819, in much of the present-day Latvia was abolished serfdom, and in 1887, the legislation was introduced the teaching of the Russian language in all schools.
During the first world war, the territory of the country was occupied by Germany. Latvian fighters, called “Latvian arrows”, fought on the side of Russia and his heroism were known throughout Europe. In 1918, the German troops were withdrawn from the territory of Latvia, and the post-war confusion was a good background for the establishment of an independent State. At the end of the year 1918 Latvia proclaimed its independence. January 26, 1921, independent Latvian Republic was recognized by the world community and was admitted to the League of Nations.
Since the start of the second world war, when Germany attacked Poland, the USSR decided to secure its borders and began to demand from Latvia, to provide for the needs of the Red Army military ports, airfields and other military infrastructure. In October 1939, signed by the Latvian-Soviet Treaty of mutual assistance, which resulted in the Baltic countries are former Soviet military bases. However, later the Soviet Union begins to make her ultimatums, one demanding the resignation of the Government. June 17, 1940, Latvia was annexed by the SOVIET UNION. In July of the same year was elected the people’s Saeima and proclaimed the establishment of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic and adopted a Declaration on joining in the USSR. In August 1940 Latvia was one of the Socialist Republics of the USSR. June 22, 1941, Germany attacked the USSR-Latvian territory within one and a half weeks came under German control and remained there until July 1944 onwards. After the victory of the Red Army at the Yalta Conference in January 1945, the SOVIET border was fixed as of June 1941 year, that is, all the great powers recognized the incorporation of Latvia into the USSR.
August 24, 1991, after the coup, the first President of Russia Boris Yeltsin signed the Decree on the recognition of the independence of Latvia. In May 1992 the year Latvia joined the International Monetary Fund in April 2004, became a member of NATO, and from May 1, 2004, Member of the European Union.